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Dates of reigns in pre-revolutionary Russia

Dates are given in Old Style (see Editorial practice and house style).

Monarch

Dates of life

Reigned

Origin/parents

Alexis

1629-76

1645-76

Son of Michael, the first tsar in the Romanov dynasty

Peter I (i.e. Peter the Great)

1672-1725

1689-96 (with his half-brother Ivan V)

1696-1725 (as sole ruler)

Son of Alexis

Catherine I

1684-1727

1725-27

Lithuanian peasant taken captive by the Russians in 1702; consort of Peter I from 1703 and his wife from 1712

Peter II

1715-30

1727-30

Son of Prince Alexis (1690-1718), who was the son of Peter I

Anna

1693-1740

1730-40

Daughter of Ivan V

Ivan VI

1740-64

Proclaimed Emperor as infant but never actually ruled

Son of Anna Leopoldovna of Mecklenburg, who was a niece of Empress Anna and a grand-daughter of Ivan V

Elizabeth

1709-61

1741-61

Daughter of Peter I and Catherine I

Peter III

1728-62

1761-62

Son of a daughter of Peter I and of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp

Catherine II (i.e. Catherine the Great)

1729-96

1762-96

German princess who came to Russia as fiancée of the future Peter III

Paul

1754-1801

1796-1801

Son of Peter III and Catherine II

Alexander I

1777-1825

1801-25

Son of Paul

Nicholas I

1796-1855

1825-55

Son of Paul and younger brother of Alexander I

Alexander II

1818-1881

1855-81

Son of Nicholas I

Alexander III

1845-1894

1881-94

Son of Alexander II

Nicholas II

1868-1918

1894-1917

Son of Alexander III

 

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